Anybody can plant a tree correctly.

Unfortunately, incorrect planting procedures and/or planting the wrong tree in the wrong place can cause a multitude of tree problems.

Plant deep, and the roots will grow deeper.

If the roots survive, they will grow upward, often breaking sidewalks and causing lawn problems. Also, cutting these surface roots causes the tree injury.

Before planting, prune living branches to balance the crown with the roots.

When branches die, the reserves of energy and nutrients are reabsorbed back into the remaining living cells in branches and the trunk. Removing the living branches before the energy reserves have had time to “move” back into the remaining living cells takes energy from the tree. Wait until the branches die, then remove them correctly.

After planting, you should brace the tree tightly.

If bracing is needed, the tree should be able to sway. This will help the plant become sturdier. Movement stimulates proteins to bond with calcium, thus strengthening cell walls.

Lots of mulch is good.

Excessive amounts of mulch may disrupt soil moisture and aeration. Mulch is too thick when roots starts growing into it, and several continuous hot dry days can lead to root death.  But the right amount of mulch is beneficial for trees. Apply 3 to 4 inches of mulch, and inspect the mulch several times a year for root growth. Keep mulch at least 6 inches away from the trunk to reduce chances of rodent injury and infection by pathogens.


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